What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are basically veins near rectum or anus area that are inflamed and swollen. This condition is also quite commonly referred to as piles or hemroids. While hemorrhoids might be very unpleasant and embarrassing for some people, it is not very dangerous condition and in most cases symptoms can go away on their own or with simple home remedies and OTC treatments. However it is actually important to pay attention to this condition since if it is left untreated it might get worse and cause more serious problems. According to statistics three out of four people will develop piles at least once in their lifetime. Also it is worthwhile to mention that this condition is common among women who are pregnant or older people after age 45.

What Causes Piles?

Some people who get hemorrhoids for the first time want to know whether this condition is contagious and is it possible to pass it to others. The answer to both of these questions is NO. Hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure in veins so it not possible to pass it to other people or get it from other people.

Since piles are caused by swollen veins it is important to understand what can cause them to become inflamed and swollen. There are quite a lot of factors that might increase pressure in veins so it is important to know them and try to avoid them (if possible). Some of the most common factors that might lead to developing hemorrhoids are diarrhea & constipation (chronic), not enough fiber in the diet, pregnancy, straining while having a bowel movement and spending too much time in the toiled.

Types of Hemorrhoids.

There are two main types of hemorrhoids – external and internal. When veins start swelling inside of the anal canal then it means you have internal hemorrhoids. This type of hemorrhoids is also graded into four groups depending on whether they prolapse or not. The first degree of internal hemorrhoids does not prolapse and second & third decree prolapse, but they can be manually reduced. The fourth degree prolapse and it is not possible to manually reduce them.

In case veins swell near your anus area and not inside it mean you suffer from external hemorrhoids. This type of piles occurs more frequently among people and it is more severe since it causes pain, discomfort and itchiness. It is also worthwhile to mention that there are cases when some individuals have both types of hemorrhoids simultaneously. It is very important to know whether your have internal or external hemorrhoids in order to choose the right treatment.

The Main Signs and Symptoms.

The symptoms and signs of piles differ depending on which type of hemorrhoids you have. In case you have internal hemorrhoids it can actually be very difficult to notice them in the beginning since they usually don’t cause any symptoms. You are more likely start noticing symptoms of internal hemorrhoids when they become prolapsed, because this is when you will start feeling discomfort, itching and pain. You might also notice some blood while passing a stool if you have this type of hemorrhoids.

The signs and symptoms of external hemorrhoids are far more noticeable. They usually cause itchiness, irritation, pain and might even start to bleed. Since they form outside of anus area you can both feel and see them. When people have this type of piles it is also possible that blood clots (thrombosis) might form. Usually these clots are very painful and they become inflamed and swell. So when you will have bleeding hemorrhoids you will notice blood either on your tissue or toiled after having a bowel movement.

It is also important to mention that individuals who tend to strain while having a bowel movement or do excessive cleaning around affected area might make the symptoms even worse so it is best to avoid these habits.